User Experience Design at RCPAQAP

User Experience Design at RCPAQAP: Pivoting Towards Customer Delight

Case Study: UX Design at RCPAQAP

The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Quality Assurance Programs (RCPAQAP) are world leaders in the provision of external quality assurance (EQA) for pathology laboratories in disciplines including molecular Genetics, Biosecurity and Point-of-Care. Their programs are offered in Australia and internationally in over 60 countries.

RCPAQAP is an organisation with a big acronym and a big mission. Their programs test scientific labs to assess their quality and ensure service excellence. Looking to the future, RCPAQAP's work is becoming increasingly strategic as their scientists review trends, discuss diagnoses, support clinical research, and identify which lab skills are most relevant to test as the field evolves.

A More Intuitive Online Experience

As part of a large digital transformation project, RCPAQAP needed to provide their customers with a faster, easier, and more intuitive EQA (External Quality Analysis) online experience that would meet their expectations and save them time to focus on other important day to day tasks.

Taking a human-centric creative approach to building solutions (aka "design thinking”), RCPAQAP partnered with Trineo to refashion the inefficient aspects of their software into clear, valuable methods of working. This engagement with Trineo would:

  • Maximize the likelihood of building what people want
  • Save the organisation time and money by focusing on the right work
  • Create an outstanding customer experience

Trineo undertook this six step design process to deliver a user-centric solution.

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Step One: Understand

First, Trineo’s team researched RCPAQAP’s mission, values, customer promise, growth strategy, and brand perception. They empathetically stepped into RCPAQAP’s customers’ shoes to understand more about them and their needs.

Led by Senior UX Designer Archy Ramakumar, the team:

  • Researched the problem by conducting field studies and stakeholder interviews
  • Validated the problem via ethnography research and surveys
  • Created user personas to guide the team through the design process
  • Crafted customer journey maps, user flows, and task analyses
  • Evaluated solutions by reviewing and co-designing early concepts with users
  • Captured high level product requirements and technical constraints
  • Conducted competitor research
  • Analyzed data

It is important to get a good understanding of user needs and watch what users do, because their actions often contradict what they say. For instance, many participants said that it would be really cool to access clinical forms on mobile. Upon observation we learnt that due to risk of contamination, mobile devices were prohibited from the labs. So, designing for mobile would be a lost cause in this circumstance.

Archy Ramakumar

Senior UX Designer

Trineo

Step Two: Define

In this stage, the team identified the problem worth solving. Contrary to the business’ original hypothesis that enrolment was the biggest challenge, research revealed that customers felt the most pain when preparing for accreditation.

“We came back and presented the findings, which said that enrolment was not a problem. Customers are actually fine with it,” said Sarah Harris, Project Lead. “What they were not fine with was the whole reporting and reviewing process. We asked if RCPAQAP would consider addressing that problem first. And they emphatically said ‘Yes. Let’s pivot and go with what the customers are saying.’”

To address those issues, Trineo assembled a set of recommended features and designs and built a shared understanding of desired outcomes to take to the broader team for review.

Current Versus Proposed Workflow

As part of Step Two, this image demonstrates the user flow for result entry and captures user behaviours, needs and areas for improvement at a high level.
As part of Step Two, this image demonstrates the user flow for result entry and captures user behaviours, needs and areas for improvement at a high level.
As part of Step Three, the team created this wireframe of a recommended new report flow.
As part of Step Three, the team created this wireframe of a recommended new report flow.

Step Three: Ideate

Armed with insights and recommendations, Trineo and RCPAQAP reassembled to explore the best solutions and discuss potential challenges. They asked questions such as:

  • How can we present reports to users in a fast, simple way?
  • How can we easily empower customers to review reports and collaborate online?
  • How can we enable customers to easily prepare their reviews for their next official meetings with authorities?

The team generated as many ideas as possible, then narrowed down the list to the best solutions. Concepts, user flows, wireframes, and low fidelity prototypes were some of the artefacts created in this step.

Step Four: Prototype

Referencing the best solution ideas, Archy and the team created prototypes to share with users to test if their ideas would work. At this point, the team pivoted their design framework from Bootstrap to Material UI: a responsive design framework with a focus on user experience and accessibility that served the design requirements better.

Prototypes can range in fidelity. In this case, the team created clickable screens in Sketch that demonstrated how RCPAQAP’s users might view and collaborate on reports in preparation for accreditation.

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Step Five: Test

Next, the Trineo team prepared to undertake usability testing to validate their design solutions. Archy explains, “We put the prototype in front of typical users to evaluate how easy or difficult they would find the tasks. We learned early what works and what doesn’t when problems are cheap and easy to fix.”

Usability testing went extremely well, with only one round of minor iterations required. Archy attributes this success to RCPAQAP’s willingness to provide the team with easy access to their customers and encouragement of their involvement early in the process.

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Co-creating the designs with the customers and having early buy-in with the stakeholders helps in those bigger meetings. When we held end-of-sprint demos with the wider group, we sometimes found that the stakeholder is presenting the work, which is really great.

Archy Ramakumar

Senior UX Designer

Trineo

Step Six: Deliver

Working as an agile-focused delivery team, utilising feedback and design iteration from user testing, Trineo delivered the Reports and Quality Review functionality to RCPAQAP and their customers. The delivery team held daily standups, weekly story refinement sessions and other agile ceremonies in which Archy, the developers, and the business analyst connected to make quick decisions and maintain high velocity to get things done.

“Working on a small, cross-functional team means you get a set of highly skilled professionals focused on creating value for customers and looking for opportunities to learn what's needed for future iterations," says Archy. "The people on the team and their professionalism are key to the success of the project.”

These reports used to fill rooms of filing cabinets. Scientists would carry folders from desk to desk seeking signatures. Now, scientists access reports digitally, review information, and collaborate online.
These reports used to fill rooms of filing cabinets. Scientists would carry folders from desk to desk seeking signatures. Now, scientists access reports digitally, review information, and collaborate online.

Rolling Out Changes to Delighted Customers

RCPAQAP rolled out the new features to a pilot group at Westmead Children’s Hospital. This method of onboarding builds strong advocates, who then onboard others enthusiastically.

Customers are already asking for the next round of features they want. Trineo sees this process of continuous improvement as an important component of the work, which includes gathering data and noting where updates might result in a better experience.

In a few months, several programs will go live in the new, Trineo-designed portal, including a new testing program for Dengue Fever. 120 customers around the world will take part.

They love it. They love that the new portal is modern, simple and easy to use, just what they need to free up more of their valuable time.

No more filing cabinets or walking around to peers’ desks with paperwork. It should all be easily accessible to them online, simple, fast and easy. That’s my goal. They have really important work to do as scientists, and I have immense respect for what they do.

Archy Ramakumar

Senior UX Designer

Trineo

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Derek Holzhauser, RCPAQAP Chief Information Officer, has been presenting the new user experience at symposiums around Australia and Asia in preparation for this wider rollout. Sarah Harris says, “I was able to sit in one of Derek’s symposiums, and I’m hearing audible gasps. I am actually hearing people saying again and again and again, ‘that is so much better.’ Where [RCPAQAP] is going is so client-centric, and their customers love it. It’s so cool just to hear that spontaneous reaction of Wow.”

Meet the Project Team

Daniel Fone

Daniel Fone

@danielfone Christchurch

Alice Eller

Alice Eller

Sydney

Archy Ramakumar

Archy Ramakumar

Sydney

Dougal MacPherson

Dougal MacPherson

Arrowtown

John Masson

John Masson

Sydney

Kris Sugandhi

Kris Sugandhi

Sydney

Nathan Kramer

Nathan Kramer

Sydney

Sarah Harris

Sarah Harris

Sydney